Signs of liver damage, liver disease, symptoms, anatomy and diet

by admin / Oct 05, 2016 / 0 comments

Liver disease consists of liver cell damage, which often visible only in blood. Thus, an indication that slows the deterioration of liver function, liver values ​​are always or frequently elevated. Although liver cells die over time and in a healthy body, they are replaced by new ones, but in the case of liver disease, this cell death may be too high even in the case of a body such as the liver, which can regenerate. When liver disease extends over several years, the damage can turn into cirrhosis of the liver, thereby affecting important functions such as metabolism, digestion and the immune system, all heavily restricted in case of liver disease.

Elevated liver values ​​without being accompanied by sins of youth

Liver disease is not a marginal phenomenon: anyone can suffer from this, even those who do not consume alcohol. Elevated liver values ​​are not a "chivalrous offense", but an indication of a disease. When these values ​​increase, it is necessary determining whether alcohol, and viral diseases such as hepatitis B and C. Obesity, diabetes, excess iron, immune system disorders, drugs and toxic substances in the work environment can be possible causes of rising values.

What are the possible diseases?
Despite popular belief, alcohol is not the only cause of liver disease.

Diseases can be classified as follows:

1. Viral inflammation of the liver (hepatitis)
2. Diseases toxic
3. Autoimmune diseases
4. Metabolic Diseases
1. Viral Hepatitis
The inflammation caused by the virus known as hepatitis A, B and C. Pathways transmission of these diseases are often confused.

Hepatitis A is a disease of travel that is transmitted mainly through eating contaminated food. Because it always heals by itself, it is considered the most harmless form of viral hepatitis. Problems can occur in the elderly, the chronically ill and people with weakened immune systems.
Hepatitis B is contagious and is transmitted through all body fluids (blood, saliva, tears, vaginal secretions, semen). Unprotected sex, piercings, tattoos but contact with infected blood can be contagious. Another risk is the transmission of hepatitis B from mother to child at birth. In the case of adults, acute hepatitis B infection can be cured in 95-98% of cases so that only 2-5% become the chronic stage. For people with a weak immune system (eg infants, elderly, chronically ill) is the most common chronic.
Hepatitis C is less infectious in everyday life. The risk of sexual transmission is low compared to that of hepatitis B and dependent on sexual practices. Infections are produced especially for direct contact with infected blood such injuries, intravenous drug use, piercing, tattoos, acupuncture needles, surgical instruments poor hygiene. If not treated, 50-80% of cases of hepatitis C becomes chronic. Hepatitis C currently used strong side effects and are not effective in all patients. But with drugs optimized C liver becomes increasingly a disease that can be cured.

2. Diseases toxic
These include diseases caused by alcohol, poisonous mushrooms, drugs and toxic substances. Including preparations without a prescription such as paracetamol or combinations of herbal preparations can affect the liver.

3. Autoimmune Diseases
Autoimmune hepatitis or biliary tract diseases such as PBC or PSC -at like metabolic- diseases are not contagious. The immune system attacks the body's own tissues, such as the liver. The result can be a slow destruction of organs. For a long time these diseases were not known, but being diagnosed increasingly more often now.

4. Metabolic Diseases
These include iron-storage disease and copper deficiency or alpha-1 antitrypsin, which is subject to a genetic defect. Increasingly diagnosed "non-alcoholic steatohepatitis" (NASH) which mainly affects overweight people and diabetics. Unlike fatty liver disease (which is itself only an outcome, not a disease) NASH should be treated with more seriousness, a serious disease. On how different causes and course of these diseases are chronic, as it resembles the later consequences.

If the liver is overburdened by an inflammation lasting liver cells begin to die. Sick liver necroses. End-stage cirrhosis. The consequences are severe cirrhosis: ascites, impaired brain function (hepatic encephalopathy), bleeding of the stomach or esophagus or liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma). Through a treatment from time, these consequences can be prevented chronic.

Hepatitis A and B can be prevented by vaccination, not hepatitis C.

Elevated liver values ​​- Symptoms and Treatment
Most cases of liver disease are discovered later, the liver does not hurt and does not transmit warnings. The symptoms are rather general, nonspecific and are often classified as everyday ailments such as chronic stress and exhaustion.

Pay attention to body signals new and unusual. If you are unsure, talk to your doctor. A more careful will allow the doctor to decide for detailed investigations. If however large your liver values ​​are known, have sought another cause of change.

Symptoms of liver disease
Here are some of the symptoms that may indicate liver disease or bile:

Fatigue continues, impaired concentration
Feeling pressure in the right upper abdomen
Clay-colored stool and dark urine
Loss of appetite, feelings of repulsion towards certain foods, especially meat
Changes in weight, nausea and vomiting, bloating
Bleeding and hematoma
Yellowing of skin or eyes
Common muscle and limb
Hair loss on the chest and abdomen in men
Gamma-GT high liver values, GOT and GPT
If you see frequently these symptoms, it's time to talk to your doctor

Liver Disease Treatment
There is a cure for any disease of the liver. When ascertaining the disease, treatment options vary depending on the cause - sometimes completely opposite. For example, hepatitis C is treated with drugs to stimulate the immune system against the virus (Interferon).

In autoimmune hepatitis, the immune system attacks the liver, is trying, through drugs, depreciation immune system attack. Obese patients suffering from fatty liver (NASH) are recommended a change in dietary habits and weight loss plus.

Regardless of the cause hiding behind the liver disease, remember this simple rule: avoid foods that hinder the functioning of the liver. In particular, alcohol, and smoking but can worsen any existing conditions. Drugs that are not absolutely necessary should be avoided. ( for more health tips visit )

More difficult it is when you need to follow medication for another serious condition and it affects the liver. Consult your doctor or pharmacist to determine if there are more tolerable preparations. Do not give up under any circumstance important drug treatments (eg for blood pressure or epilepsy) just because liver values ​​are high.

Who can help?
If you are worried because symptoms or liver function tests indicate that you may suffer from a liver disease, call the doctor. If necessary, seek a consultation with a specialist in the field, a hepatologist or gastroenterologist respectively. They are available either in private practice or in clinics. Consult a doctor you trust.