Thyroid and how you can protect it from disease

by admin / Sep 16, 2016 / 0 comments

Inflammation is among the rarest diseases of the thyroid gland. Behind the term "thyroiditis" hide various symptoms that form a diverse group. But they have a common denominator: the reaction diffuse or focal form of thyroid tissue in an inflammatory stimulus (bacterial or viral drugs autoantibodies in autoimmune diseases). Inflammation of the thyroid gland can be classified according to the causes of the clinical histology or her, so depending on the microscopic appearance of thyroid tissue.

How does inflammation of the thyroid gland?
Acute inflammation of the thyroid gland: It is most often caused by bacteria that have spread through the bloodstream or through the lymphatic flow. In rare cases, acute thyroiditis develop other infections (tuberculosis, syphilis, fungi) due to radiation or certain drugs or based on autoimmune reactions or injuries.
Subacute inflammation of the thyroid gland are frequently caused by viruses, postviral of an inflammatory response or autoimmune mechanisms and are of two types: granulomatous or lymphocytic, depending on the type of inflammatory infiltrate that accumulates in the thyroid. Granulomatous thyroiditis subacute thyroiditis or de Quervain commonly occurs in late spring, early summer and autumn, a few weeks after a viral infection (nasopharyngitis that can pass even unnoticed, measles or mumps). It is a painful inflammation of the thyroid gland evolving self-limited, may recur in some cases. Subacute lymphocytic thyroiditis is triggered by an autoimmune process, often after pregnancy (postpartum thyroiditis). It is a painless swelling of the thyroid gland which evlueaza and spontaneously toward healing.
Chronic inflammation of the thyroid gland: This form of thyroiditis is most often caused by an autoimmune disorder in which the immune system mistakenly produces antibodies against tissue in your body. Depending on the antibodies and cells found in tissue, this form of autoimmune thyroiditis is classified into various shapes. The best known are Hashimoto's thyroiditis and fibrous (Riedel). In isolated cases, these chronic infections can be caused by medications or other diseases such as AIDS.

How to manifest disease?
Disorders may differ depending on the form:
• In case of acute immediately after an infection in the nose, throat or ear, we are dealing with episodes of rise in temperature and relatively rapid swelling of the thyroid gland, usually very painful to touch. The pain may extend up to the ears and jaw. Swelling is limited and the affected area becomes red. Patients very sick and have difficulty swallowing.
• If subacute form, symptoms may be missing or may evolve in similar gravity characteristic of acute infections. Thyroiditis de Quervain is manifested by pain in Regina anterior cervical irradiation in the jaw, neck and ears, difficulty swallowing and fever unsteady. Postpartum thyroiditis starts suddenly, painlessly, through enlargement of the thyroid gland (thyroid hypertrophy) and hiperfunctie gland (hyperthyroidism).
• Chronic forms typically manifests through a painless enlargement of the thyroid gland. Even in the state of onset, patients have no symptoms, for which no disease is discovered in its early stages. After a period when certain types (especially in fibrous Riedel's thyroiditis) can lead to pressure exerted on the airways and vessels cervical compression symptoms (change of voice, difficulty breathing and swallowing). Hashimoto's thyroiditis chronic autoimmune constantly evolving with decreased thyroid function (hypothyroidism). When the tissue is affected by the evolution process of chronic inflammation, we had to do with a subfunctionare thyroid gland, accompanied by symptoms related to hypothyroidism. These include sensitivity to cold, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, edema, weight gain, decreased heart rate, skin cold, dry and thin, coarse hair, often lethargy or depression. ( for more health tips visit )

How is it diagnosed?
For starters will present medical history of the disease. It will palpate the thyroid gland, assess its size and condition using ultrasound. If necessary, will collect even a tissue sample. Sange- analyzes are needed depending on suspicion of existing disease will be looking for signs of hormonal changes, antibodies or signs of an infection. Metabolic activity and function of the thyroid gland can be evaluated by radioactive contrast agents by thyroid scintigraphy.

What are the treatments available?
Depending on the causes of the disease are prescribed antibiotics, NSAIDs or analgesics. In acute infections, patients are advised bed rest. Fortified cold compresses applied to help reduce neck durerilor.In some cases you do not need any treatment, the infection retreating only after a few weeks in acute thyroiditis, in case of oozing incision is done, drain and drainage and antibiotic treatment according culture sensitivity testing performed.
In subacute thyroiditis, for more severe cases cortisone therapy may be needed. Hyperthyroidism or thyrotoxicosis in the presence of appropriate therapy instituted.
Chronic thyroiditis are usually accompanied by decreased thyroid function and hormone sustitutie require treatment. In chronic forms fibrous thyroiditis (Riedel) often need surgical treatment.