Controlling diabetes with diet and exercise. Benefits, treatment, recommendations and precautions

by admin / Oct 05, 2016 / 0 comments

Industrialization, comfort, weight and lack of exercise are responsible for the expansion of diabetes in the population. The disease has chronic and damaging consequences on blood vessels, heart and kidneys, it ranks among the most costly diseases.

How could sport change the progress of the disease and they need to know diabetics who practice sport?

Diabetes type 1 and type 2
Diabetes is a disorder of the metabolism of sugar. Distinguish between primary form, consisting usually of a lack of conditional insulin, the hormone that lowers blood glucose (insulin-dependent diabetes, about 5% of cases), and secondary form, which has enough insulin, but the not enough organs that use glucose, and muscles (so-called type 2 diabetes, approx. 95% of cases).

In both cases, patients face an increased glucose level permanently. Over the years, this level increased damage to blood vessels and organs. Type 2 diabetes is one whose frequency is continuously growing in rich countries. It is usually associated with obesity, with high cholesterol and sedentary lifestyle aspects that influence insulin sensitivity effect, especially in muscles, such as the sugar reaches the muscles, decreases.

The vicious circle: obesity, sedentary lifestyles and reduced insulin action usually lead to a decrease in life expectancy, despite administration of drugs that reduce glucose levels.

Why sugar is important ?

Glucose is an important part of blood, is an important nutrient the body: the functioning of many organs, particularly the brain depends on the exploitation of glucose as fuel, for which blood glucose is kept at a constant level by collating various hormones .

When glucose levels rise due to food consumption by transferring insulin from the pancreas, recovery increases blood sugar into cells and excess, so-called glycogen (the storage form of glucose) is stored in the liver and muscles. By overcoming glycogen storage capacity, it is converted into fat. When glucose levels drop below a critical level, it causes a release of reserves previously stored glucose in the liver and muscles.

So, under normal conditions, this process of growth and sustained decrease in blood glucose occurs permanently. The most active muscle cells use glucose for energy: so during physical activity, it uses glucose from glycogen and blood stocks. Meanwhile, insulin opens muscle cells to allow glucose flux.

Physical activity: important aspect of treatment
For a long time, physical activity along with the change in diet and the use of drugs to lower glucose that levels the insulin, is among the main pillars in the treatment of diabetes. But experience has shown that many diabetics, particularly those who are overweight suffer from type 2 diabetes are not willing to practice physical activities. And just physical activity could improve sugar metabolism. During the practice a sport, it gets to a slight decrease in blood sugar level, grown by consumption of glucose, which is more pronounced in people with diabetes compared to healthy individuals.

A too strong lowering glucose levels, so it is more dangerous hypoglycemia among diabetics who inject insulin. It is, therefore, necessary reduction in daily insulin dose before physical exercise or consumption of large portions of carbs. For these patients, endurance sports and is easier to control.

More important than short-term lowering glucose are the long-term effects on disease progression sugar, they have regular workouts. Muscle cell sensitivity to insulin increases, so sugar consumed by the same amount of food will lead to a smaller increase blood sugar or the same amount of the island will lead to a greater decrease in glucose. The reaction to the sugar consumed so-called glucose tolerance increases. Muscle metabolic capacity, thus burning glucose and fat in terms of exercise increases, and the control or weight reduction is simplified.

Diabetics: What are the recommended sports?
Except for exaggerated demands, such as lifting weights or jumps any other physical activity, regardless of the duration or intensity is suitable for improving metabolic diabetics. The extent and type of training depend primarily on sports activity affected people have done it in the past, body weight and other secondary illnesses.

The most suitable physical activities are affecting metabolism and which can be sustained in the long term, so the resistance. Eating extra calories by moving, by stimulating the metabolism of sugar (medium intensity) is as important as burning fat through a lower intensity effort. Whether it's walking, jogging, cycling, spinning, inline skating or running, swimming or water gymnastics, all these sports are recommended. Even team sports are recommended for diabetics with proper training.

It is important daily exercise regularly. Given that muscle is the main organ which is focusing its efforts on training, muscle growth and strength you can get through a strength training properly executed appliances, will have a beneficial effect on metabolism. In the case of existing damage to the blood vessels of the eyes and heart, consideration should be given increased pressure created by blood. In such cases should avoid efforts still posed canoeing, intense bodybuilding or sports ball (squash, badminton and tennis). ( for more health tips visit )

Avoiding hypoglycaemia
In all diabetics who are taking insulin or tablets to lower glucose, require food or medication dosage depending on physical activity, to avoid hypoglycemia. Given that decreases insulin requirements in terms of physical demands, insulin dose should be reduced in the long-term or intense workouts. Dose reduction may vary individually and considerably. Frequent glucose checks and consult a specialist can not be avoided, especially in the beginning.

In individual cases, the calories needs may be estimated based on the type of activity and exercise time. In practice, this is often not necessary, especially when diabetics acquire individual experience required.